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Solution Focused Brief Therapy in acute in-patient units

Abstract: Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) aims to provide both the nurse/therapist and client with a short purposeful interaction designed to establish useful solutions and goals in the clients current situation. The purpose of this essay is to examine the efficacy of SFBT for use by nursing staff within the acute inpatient environment. The literature used in this essay ranges from the initial work conducted be De Shazer(1985,1988), through to current literature concerning examinations of SFBT in current inpatient settings. The premise for this investigation was to further research a relevant intervention which was highlighted in an earlier essay. Varying databases and literature have been searched using the search terms “Solution Focused Brief Therapy”, “SFBT”, “Solution Focused Brief Therapy acute inpatient” and “Solution Focused Brief Therapy nursing”. SFBT does offer the nurse and client a fast therapeutic intervention that can be completed in an environment that fosters a rapid turnover of clients. SFBT is an effective therapeutic intervention that is reported to have up to an 70-80% positive outcome in a minimum number of sessions. It requires minimal training and is a cost effective method of delivering quality care within a brief time frame.

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